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Ukuqinisekiswa Kweminyaka

Ukuze usebenzise i-Alphagreenvape iwebhusayithi kufanele ube neminyaka engama-21 noma ngaphezulu. Sicela uqinisekise iminyaka yakho ngaphambi kokungena kusayithi.

Sisebenzisa amakhukhi ukuthuthukisa iwebhusayithi yethu kanye nokuhlangenwe nakho kwakho ukuyiphequlula. Ngokuqhubeka upheqa iwebhusayithi yethu wamukela inqubomgomo yethu yekhukhi.

Uxolo, iminyaka yakho ayivunyelwe.

Cochrane, inhlangano yezokwelapha egunyaziwe yamazwe omhlaba: Ama-E-cigarettes anomthelela wokuyeka ukubhema, futhi umphumela uthatha enye indawo yokwelashwa

Ngo-Okthoba 15, iCochrane Collaboration (Cochrane Collaboration, ezobizwa ngeCochrane), okuyinhlangano egunyaza umhlaba wonke yezokwelapha ezisekelwe ebufakazini, yakhombisa ekubukeni kwayo kwakamuva kocwaningo ukuthi ama-50 majors aqhutshwa kubantu abangaphezu kwabangu-10 000 ababhemayo emhlabeni jikelele. kufakazele ukuthi ama-e-cigarette anomthelela wokuyeka ukubhema, kanye nomphumela wokwelashwa okuqhubekayo kwe-nicotine nezinye izindlela.

UCochrane uveza ukuthi umphumela wokusebenzisa i-nicotine e-cigarettes ukuyeka ukubhema ungcono kunokusebenzisa i-nicotine therapy esikhundleni kanye ne-e-cigarettes engafaki i-nicotine.

UProfesa Peter Hajek, umbhali ngokubambisana weCochrane review nomqondisi weTobacco Dependence Research Group eQueen Mary University yaseLondon, uthe: “Lokhu kubhekwa okusha kwama-e-cigarettes kukhombisa ukuthi kubantu abaningi ababhemayo, i-e-cigarette iyithuluzi elisebenzayo ukuyeka ukubhema. Kubalulekile futhi ukuqaphela ukuthi, Kuze kube yiminyaka emibili, akukho nolulodwa kulezi zifundo olutholile ubufakazi bokuthi ukusetshenziswa kogwayi bakagesi kulimaza abantu. ”

Uma kuqhathaniswa nezinye izindlela zokwelapha, i-nicotine e-cigarettes inezinga eliphakeme lokuyeka ukubhema.

Isungulwe ngonyaka we-1993, iCochrane yinhlangano engenzi nzuzo eqanjwe ngenkumbulo ka-Archiebald L. Cochrane, umsunguli wemithi esekela ubufakazi. Futhi iyinhlangano yezemfundo yezokwelapha egunyazwe kakhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni. Kuze kube manje, inezisebenzi zokuzithandela ezingaphezu kuka-37,000 emazweni angaphezu kuka-170. Eyodwa.

Lo muthi obizwa ngobufakazi obususelwa ebufakazini, okusho ukuthi, umuthi osuselwe ebufakazini obungaguquguquki, uhlukile emithini yendabuko esuselwa emithini yokwakha. Izinqumo ezibalulekile zezokwelapha kufanele zincike ebufakazini obuhle bocwaningo lwesayensi. Ngakho-ke, ucwaningo lwezokwelapha olususelwa ebufakazini luzoqhuba ngisho nezilingo ezinkulu ezilawulwa ngokungahleliwe zomtholampilo, ukubuyekezwa okuhlelekile, ukuhlaziywa kwe-meta, bese kuhlukaniswa izinga lobufakazi obutholwe ngokwamazinga, okunzima kakhulu.

Kulolu cwaningo, uCochrane uthole izifundo ezingama-50 ezivela emazweni ayi-13 kubandakanya i-United States ne-United Kingdom, okubandakanya ababhemayo abadala abangu-12,430. Kukhonjisiwe ukuthi ngokusetshenziswa kwe-nicotine therapy (njengamachashazi e-nicotine, i-nicotine gum) noma amamaki e-e-cigarette angafaki i-nicotine, abantu abaningi basebenzisa i-nicotine e-cigarettes ukuyeka ukubhema okungenani izinyanga eziyisithupha.

 

AbakwaReuters babike imiphumela yocwaningo olunzulu lukaCochrane: "Ukubuyekezwa okutholakele: okufakwe ohlwini lwezinsini noma izigaxa, i-e-cigarette kuphumelela kakhulu ekuyekeni ukubhema."

Ngokucacile kwimininingwane, ebalwa ngokuphelele, abantu abangu-10 kwabayi-100 abayeka ukubhema basebenzisa i-nicotine e-cigarettes bangakwazi ukuyeka ukubhema ngempumelelo; kubo bonke abantu abayi-100 abayeka ukusebenzisa i-nicotine therapy noma i-e-cigarettes engafaki i-nicotine, abantu abayi-6 kuphela abangaphumelela ukuyeka ukuyeka ukubhema, uma kuqhathaniswa nezinye izindlela zokwelapha, ama-nicotine e-cigarettes anesilinganiso esiphakeme sokuyeka.

Lo mbhalo, ongomunye wababhali bokubuka konke, uSolwazi Caitlin Notley waseNyuvesi yase-East Anglia eNorwich School of Medicine e-UK, uthe: “Elinye lamasu asebenza kakhulu futhi asetshenziswa kakhulu ukusiza abantu bayeke ukubhema ukuqeda ukubhema izifiso ezihlobene. Ama-e-cigarettes nezinsini ze-nicotine kanye nezitika I-ejenti yehlukile. Ilingisa okwenzeka ekubhemeni futhi inganikeza ababhemayo i-nicotine, kepha ayivezi abasebenzisi kanye nabanye ngentuthu kagwayi wendabuko.

Ukuvumelana kwesayensi ngama-e-cigarettes ukuthi yize ama-e-cigarettes engeyona ingozi ngokuphelele, ayingozi kangako kunogwayi. "ICochrane Tobacco Addiction Team" ithe "ubufakazi obukhona bukhombisa ukuthi i-e-cigarettes nezinye izinto ezithatha indawo ye-nicotine zandisa amathuba okuphumelela ukubhema." UJamie Hartmann-Boyce uthe. Ungomunye wabalobi abakhulu bocwaningo lwakamuva.

Ucwaningo oluningi luqinisekisa: Abantu abayizigidi eziyi-1.3 e-UK bayeka ngempumelelo ukubhema ngama-e-cigarettes

Eqinisweni, ngaphezu kweCochrane, izinhlangano eziningi ezifundisayo zezokwelapha emhlabeni ziguqulwe zaba isihloko esifanele "sokuyeka ukubhema ugwayi kangcono" emazingeni ehlukene.

Abaphenyi abavela eNyuvesi yaseNew York e-United States bathole ukuthi uma kuqhathaniswa nabasebenzisi abangakaze basebenzise i-e-cigarettes, ukusetshenziswa kwansuku zonke kuka-e-cigarettes kungasiza ababhemayo esikhathini esifushane (

Ngonyaka owedlule, ucwaningo oluzimele olwenziwe yi-University College London (University College London) lwakhomba ukuthi ama-e-cigarettes asiza abasebenzisa ugwayi abayi-50 000 kuya ku-70,000 e-UK ukuyeka ukubhema minyaka yonke. Umbiko wakamuva ovela eMnyangweni Wezempilo Yomphakathi wase-United Kingdom ukhombisa nokuthi okungenani abantu abayizigidi eziyi-1.3 bayeke ugwayi ngokuphelele ngenxa ye-e-cigarettes.

Imiphumela yocwaningo eshicilelwe yi-University College London kumagazini owaziwa emhlabeni wonke wezifundo i-Addiction iveze ukuthi i-e-cigarettes isize okungenani ababhemayo baseBrithani abangama-50 000 ukuyeka ukubhema ngempumelelo ngonyaka.

Mayelana nokukhathazeka komphakathi ngobungozi be-e-cigarettes, uJohn Britton, uSolwazi Emeritus we-Respiratory Medicine e-University of Nottingham, e-UK, uthe: “Umthelela wesikhathi eside ekuphepheni kwe-e-cigarettes udinga ukuqinisekiswa kwesikhathi eside, kodwa bonke ubufakazi manje bukhombisa ukuthi noma imiphi imiphumela emibi yesikhathi eside ye-e-cigarettis incane kakhulu kunogwayi. ”

Ngaphambi nangemva kweminyaka emibili yokulandela umkhondo, abukho ubufakazi obutholakele bokuthi osikilidi abasebenza ngogesi badale umonakalo emzimbeni womuntu.


Isikhathi Iposi: Jan-14-2021