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Ukuqinisekiswa Kweminyaka

Ukuze usebenzise i-Alphagreenvape iwebhusayithi kufanele ube neminyaka engama-21 noma ngaphezulu. Sicela uqinisekise iminyaka yakho ngaphambi kokungena kusayithi.

Sisebenzisa amakhukhi ukuthuthukisa iwebhusayithi yethu kanye nokuhlangenwe nakho kwakho ukuyiphequlula. Ngokuqhubeka upheqa iwebhusayithi yethu wamukela inqubomgomo yethu yekhukhi.

Uxolo, iminyaka yakho ayivunyelwe.

Ngabe osikilidi bakagesi bangabasiza yini abantu ukuthi bayeke ukubhema?

UMeyi 31 uzongenisa uSuku lwama-33 Lomhlaba Olungenalo Ugwayi. Isiqubulo salo nyaka sokwenyusa sithi "Vikela abantu abasha kude nemikhiqizo yendabuko kagwayi nogwayi kagesi." I- "Outline of the" Healthy China 2030 "Plan" ibeka phambili inhloso yokulawulwa kukagwayi "ngonyaka ka-2030, izinga lokubhema kwabantu abaneminyaka engaphezu kwengu-15 kufanele lehliswe laya ku-20%". Imiphumela ye-2018 China Adult Tobacco Survey ikhombisile ukuthi izinga lokubhema kwabantu abaseminyakeni engaphezu kwengu-15 ezweni lami liyi-26.6%; Amaphesenti angama-22.2% abantu ababhemayo nsuku zonke aqala ukubhema nsuku zonke ngaphambi kweminyaka yobudala eyi-18. Ukufeza inhloso yokwehlisa izinga lokubhema jikelele, kuyisihluthulelo sokuvimbela abantu abasha abangakabhemi ukuthi baqale ukubhema.

Njengamanje, yize umbono wokuthi ukubhema kuyingozi empilweni ubusususelwe ezinhliziyweni zabantu, ama-e-cigarettes asebenzise ukushiyeka kwabo futhi basebenzisa imisebenzi "yokuhlanza amaphaphu", "yeka ukubhema"futhi" angilutheki "ekupakisheni nasekuhloleni, abathi i-e-cigarettes ayinayo itiyela nokumiswa. Izithako ezinobungozi ezinjengezinhlayiya zingasiza yeka ukubhema, kodwa ngabe kunjalo ngempela?

Ama-e-cigarettes akuwona umuthi omuhle yeka ukubhema

Ama-e-cigarettes ayizindlela ezingashisi kunogwayi. Bake bathathwa njengezinye izindlela kunogwayi bendabuko, kepha empeleni abakwazi ukusiza kuphelayeka ukubhema, bangenza futhi kube namathuba amaningi okuthi babe umlutha we-nicotine. Ucwaningo oluvela kwiWorld Health Organisation lukhombisile ukuthi i-aerosol yama-e-cigarettes iqukethe izinto ezinobuthi ezifana ne-nicotine futhi ikhiqiza izinhlayiya ezincane kanye ne-ultrafine. I-nicotine uqobo iyalutha futhi ingadala isifo senhliziyo. Ngisho nenani elincane lokudla lizovimbela ukukhula kwengqondo yomntwana futhi lilimaze ubuchopho bezingane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma ngabe i-e-cigarette ishiswa ngokushesha okukhulu, izodala into enobuthi kakhulu ebizwa nge-acrolein akuyona nje kuphela into elimaza i-retina, kodwa futhi ingadala nomdlavuza. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-e-cigarettes ibuye ibhekane nenkinga yokubhema ugwayi wesundu. I-nicotine, izinhlayiya, i-propylene glycol, i-glycerin nezinye izinto ezinobuthi zingangena endaweni yangaphandle ngokugeleza kwentuthu e-cigarette (intuthu ekhishwa emzimbeni womuntu), yize okuqukethwe kungaphansi kukogwayi wendabuko. Kodwa-ke, ukungaqondi kahle kwabantu ngemikhiqizo ye-e-cigarette kuzokhuphula ukuvezwa kwabangabhemi ku-nicotine nezinto ezithile ezinobuthi.

NgoJulayi 2019, iWorld Health Organisation yakhipha i- "Global Tobacco Epidemic Report 2019", eyaveza ngokusobala ukuthi: Ugwayi we-E unobufakazi obunqunyelwe njengendlela yokuyeka ukubhema, futhi izifundo ezihlobene nazo aziqinisekile kangako, azikwazi ukuthola iziphetho, futhi ziya ngokwanda Ubufakazi obuningi bukhombisa ukuthi ezimeni ezithile, abasebenzisi abancane be-e-cigarette kungenzeka ukuthi baqale ukusebenzisa osikilidi bendabuko ngokuzayo.

Ukwanda kwama-e-cigarettes, igxathu negxathu kubhekiswe kubantu abasha

Imininingwane evela ku-2018 China Adult Tobacco Survey ikhombisa ukuthi iningi labantu abasebenzisa i-e-cigarettes ngabantu abasha, futhi izinga lokusetshenziswa kwama-e-cigarettes kubantu abaneminyaka eyi-15-24 yi-1.5%. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi inani labantu abake bezwa ngogwayi e-e, abake basebenzise i-e-cigarettes phambilini, futhi manje abalisebenzisayo bakhuphukile bonke uma kuqhathaniswa nango-2015.

Abanye abakhiqizi baka-e-cigarette baheha abantu abasha ngokunikela ngama-flavour ahlukahlukene kawoyela wentuthu, njengokunambitheka kukagwayi, ukunambitheka kwezithelo, ukunambitheka kwe-bubble gum, ukunambitheka kashokoledi nokunambitheka kokhilimu. Intsha eningi idukiswa yizikhangiso futhi ikholelwa ukuthi ama-e-cigarettes "ayimikhiqizo yokuzijabulisa neyokungcebeleka". Abagcini ngokuthenga ama-adopter okuqala, kepha futhi bayabancoma kubangani. Ngakho-ke le ndlela ethandwayo "yokubhema" iye yathandwa kancane kancane kubantu abasha.

Kepha empeleni, izingxenye zamakhemikhali zama-e-cigarettes ziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu. Ucwaningo lwamanje lwezinto ze-e-cigarette alwanele, futhi ukubhekwa kwezimakethe kusale kancane. Amanye ama-e-cigarettes "ayimikhiqizo emithathu" ngaphandle kwamazinga womkhiqizo, ukugadwa kwekhwalithi nokuhlolwa kokuphepha. Kubeke ingozi enkulu efihliwe empilweni yabathengi. Kodwa-ke, kuqhutshwa izintshisekelo, kusenabanikazi abaningi abasebenza ngokungemthetho abathengisa ama-e-cigarettes online. Muva nje, kunemibiko yezindaba yokuthi abathengi basebenzise i-e-cigarettes enezakhi zokwenziwa kwama-cannabinoids (into ekwazi ukusebenzisa ingqondo, ehlukaniswa njengomuthi ezweni lami). Nesimo sokwelashwa.

Ukubhekana ne-e-cigarettes, izwe liyathatha isinyathelo

Ngo-Agasti 2018, i-State Tobacco Monopoly Administration kanye ne-State Administration for Market Regulation yakhipha isaziso esinqabela ukuthengiswa kogwayi ngogesi kubantwana. NgoNovemba 2019, i-State Tobacco Monopoly Administration kanye ne-State Administration for Market Administration bakhipha "Isaziso Sokuvikela Abanye Abancane Kubasiki Bakwa-elekthronikhi", esidinga ukuthi izinhlangano ezahlukahlukene zemakethe zingathengisi ugwayi kubantwana; ukunxusa izinkampani zokukhiqiza nezokuthengisa noma abantu ukuthi bavale amawebhusayithi e-cigarette okuthengisa i-Intanethi noma amaklayenti ngesikhathi esifanele, amapulatifomu e-commerce ngokushesha avale izitolo ze-e-cigarette futhi asuse imikhiqizo ye-e-cigarette ngesikhathi esifanele, ukukhiqizwa kwe-e-cigarette kanye nezinkampani ezithengisa noma abantu bahoxise izikhangiso ze-e-cigarette ezifakwe ku-Intanethi, njll.


Isikhathi Iposi: Dis-30-2020